Eat.Move.Connect. Tip Pic: Falls

As we age, we begin to learn — sometimes firsthand — how devastating a fall can be. It isn’t quite as easy as it once was to hop back up and continue on our way.

Each year, more than 1 in 4 Americans age 65 or older experience a fall, which contributes to roughly 3 million emergency room visits and nearly 30,000 deaths per year, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

While the majority of falls are not life threatening, they can take a serious toll on quality of life and independence.

The good news, however, is that most falls are preventable.

“Being aware of the risk factors and taking the proper precautions can reduce your chances of serious injury and help you maintain and improve the quality of your health and remain independent,” said Dr. James Metcalf, a medical director with UnitedHealthcare Medicare & Retirement.

Here are important risk factors and tips for avoiding falls:

1. Lower-body strength: People who have weaker lower bodies or have trouble with balance and walking should take extra precautions. Perform exercises that strengthen your legs and improve balance.

2. Medication: Any time you have a new prescription, ask your pharmacist or doctor about side effects such as dizziness or drowsiness. These can affect your balance.

3. Footwear: Pay attention to foot pain as it may be a symptom of poor footwear. Make sure your shoes fit appropriately and are comfortable. Wear low-heeled shoes with rubber soles for good traction. Generally, avoid wearing slippers, shoes with leather soles or high heels. See a doctor if you are experiencing foot pain.

4. Clutter: Most falls happen at home. Rugs or objects in your way can be problematic. Remove clutter, fix steps that are uneven and make sure there is adequate lighting throughout your home.

5. Physical support: If you don’t already have them, install grab bars and handrails in the bathroom and on stairways. Use a cane, walker, crutches or anything else that will help make walking easier.

6. Hearing and vision: Check your vision and hearing regularly. Problems with hearing or sight can throw off your balance and coordination. Ask your doctor if you would benefit from vision or hearing aids.

“Falls are more common than many people think, and all of us are susceptible,” Metcalf said. “So be aware of risks from your medications, stay active, clear your home of trip hazards and talk to your doctor about strategies you could try to avoid a potentially devastating fall.”

Source: Brandpoint

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